There are three typical reasons for the treatment:
- Osteoarthritis, this type of arthritis is age-related, brought on by the typical damage of the knee joint. It primarily affects people matured over half a century, but younger individuals might have it.
Osteoarthritis is brought on by inflammation, breakdown, as well as the steady and eventual loss of cartilage material in the joints. With time, the cartilage material wears down as well as the bones scrub together. To compensate, the bones usually grow thicker, yet this results in more friction as well as more discomfort.
- Rheumatoid arthritis, likewise, called inflammatory joint, the membrane around the knee joint to become thick as well as inflamed. Chronic swelling damages the cartilage, creating discomfort, as well as rigidity.
- Post-traumatic joint inflammation, this type of joint inflammation is because of a severe knee injury. When the bones around the knee break or the tendons tear, this will affect the knee cartilage.
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Who might require a knee replacement?
Knee surgical treatment might be appropriate for individuals who experience:
- Serious knee pain or rigidity that stops them from executing day-to-day jobs and tasks, such as strolling, going upstairs, entering as well as exiting of vehicles, getting up from a chair.
- Modest but continuous knee discomfort that continues while resting or sleeping.
- Chronic knee inflammation as well as swelling that does not enhance after taking medications or resting.
- Knee deformity, where there is an obvious arch within or beyond the knee.
- Depression, resulting from a lack of ability to carry out daily or social tasks.
If the other available therapy options have not worked, a surgical procedure might be the best option.
Types of knee replacement surgical treatment
Knee replacement can be total or partial.
- Complete knee replacement, or TKR: Surgery entails the replacement of both sides of the knee joint. It is amongst the most usual procedure.
- Partial knee replacement, or PKR: Partial replacement replaces only one side of the knee joint. Less bone is eliminated, so the incision is smaller; however, it does not last as long as a total replacement.